Blackjack (21) is a card game played for money in casinos around the world. It is the most popular casino game in the USA and many other countries.
The card game is characterized by the fact that you as a player can have a lot of influence on the course of the game. Also offers blackjack the best odds of any casino game.
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Black Jack is a card game played for money in casinos.
Blackjack became popular worldwide with the proliferation of casinos and the growth of Las Vegas. It is the most played casino game in the USA.
What many do not know: The official name of the card game is "21" (English: Twenty-One). However, the name for the best card combination is predominantly used as a synonym for the card game.
A variant of today's blackjack was already played in European royal houses in the 18th century. The game Vingt-et-un (French for 21) is considered the original form of Blackjack.
In Germany, 17 and 4 was created for private game nights, which runs similarly to Blackjack, but without a fixed dealer.
Numerous mathematicians researched a winning system in the 1960s and eventually developed a method of using mathematical probability to increase the odds.
For this reason, blackjack is a special case among games of chance, because as skill and ability increase, the odds of winning change to the game's advantage.
Over time, more and more mathematicians discovered the game for themselves. Especially famous became the legendary MIT team of Havard University in Boston (Massachusetts / USA). Numerous articles and books have been written about this group of students. One of them was filmed in 2008 under the title "21" with Lawrence Fishburn and Kevin Spacey.
A warning beforehand: It is very difficult to win something in the long run at blackjack. It takes a lot of practice and experience.
Just about every website you can find on the subject of blackjack provides one-sided information and fosters false expectations of winning among readers.
Black Jack Rules Simply Explained
Blackjack may seem complicated at first glance. However, if you spend a few minutes with it, you will quickly be thrilled and realize that it is not so difficult.
A standard blackjack table has the shape of a semicircle. The dealer (croupier) sits on the even side. He handles the game operation. This includes shuffling and dealing the cards as well as paying out the winnings.
Up to seven players sit opposite each other in a semicircle. Each player has a box in which he places the bets for the next round.
Once the bets are placed, the dealer deals two cards to each player. These two cards are called the "hand". The dealer first deals one card face up so that everyone can see it. The player sitting to the dealer's left at "first base" gets a card first. Then everyone else in clockwise order.
If each player has a card, the dealer himself receives a card with the "face" up. That is why this card is called an "up card".
Then, in the same clockwise order as before, each player gets the second card to complete the hand.
The dealer receives the last card and places it face down (with the card value facing down) next to his first card. This second card of the dealer is therefore called "hole card". The literal translation for this could be "hole card" or "cave card". What is meant, however, is the fact that you cannot see what value this hole card has.
Black Jack cards are American cards with 52 hands per deck. Compared to a French deck of cards used, for example, in Skat, the cards differ in Quantity, imprint and dimension.
While only 32 cards are used in the French deck, 52 are used in the American deck, where the card values 2, 3, 4, 5 are added four times each - in the suits hearts, spades, clubs and diamonds.
The so-called court cards (face cards) are also called differently. The "Jack" in the American card game is the "Jack". The "Queen" is the "Queen" and the "King" is the "King".
The playing cards also have a different dimension than the French playing cards. The French cards are a little longer and not so wide.
- French cards: Length: 83mm / Width: 51 mm
- Black Jack cards: length 80mm / width: 55 mm
The card values correspond exactly to the number printed on them. All face cards (Jack, Queen, King) have the value 10.
The ace has a value of either 1 or 11, whichever is more advantageous to the player.
If the player has a soft hand (with an ace) and draws another card that would overbid, the ace is automatically counted as 1.
Once all the cards have been dealt, it is the turn of the first player to the left of the dealer. He has various game options with which he can decide on winning and losing. This makes Black Jack an interactive game in which you can intervene in the action. Depending on which decision you make, you have more or less chances of winning.
ALL OPTIONS AT A GLANCE
- Stand still / Stand
- Draw card / Hit
- double downDouble the bet
- Split pairs between two hands / Split
- Surrender halfway through the bet / Surrender
- Insurance against blackjack of the dealer
Hit or Stand: Draw a card or stand still
After the two cards are dealt, the player can decide whether to stand with this hand or draw another card.
In Black Jack, the main objective is to have more points than the dealer with two or more cards. You are allowed to use the maximum score of 21 do not exceed. If a player has more than 21, he automatically loses his bet, no matter what the dealer has. This is called "Bust" or in German "überkaufen"
With two cards, the player can reach the maximum score of 21. This is made up of an ace (11 points) and a ten value card (10, Jack, Queen or King). If a player has this combination in his first two cards, it is called a "blackjack" or "Natural 21."
With a "Black Jack" the player wins immediately and receives a prize in the Payout ratio 3:2. This means: in addition to his bet, there is the bet times 1.5 as a profit. For example, if you have bet 10 euros and get a Black Jack, you get back the bet of 10 euros together with the winnings of 15 euros.
Double Down: Double the bet
In some situations, you can also double the bet on your hand. When you should use this option, you can find out in the blackjack Strategy Table read up.
What many people don't know: One may also use a so-called Soft Hand double. A soft hand is any hand with an ace. The ace can either count as 11 or, if you take a third card, it can count as 1. Since there is no risk of getting "overbought", soft hands offer good opportunities to double your bet.