blackjack Rules - This is how to play the popular casino game 21! With this guide, the rules of the game are easily explained for beginners!

Who in the casino money win must first have the Black Jack Rules can. Don't worry! We'll explain it to you very simply here. With our Tips and tricks, you'll see what you need to watch out for in order to get the best blackjack Rules to get the lowest possible house advantage of the casino.

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Black Jack Rules

The lower the house edge, the better the player's chances of winning.

In this article, you'll learn the basics of blackjack and what rules to look out for. Let's start by learning how to play the game:

Blackjack rules - The rules of 21

Blackjack is played with a deck of cards containing 52 cards or several decks of cards.

Each card is assigned a point value. Cards 2 to 10 are worth as much as the numbers printed on them.

King, Queen and Jack are worth 10 points each.

Aces can be used as either 1 or 11.

The goal for the player is to get more points than the dealer by drawing cards, but not to exceed the best value of 21 (bust / overbought).

The best sum of all is a 21 with two cards. This hand is called "blackjack" and used as a synonym for the card game.

For a blackjack, the casino pays a bonus at a ratio of 3:2 to the bet. That means a 21 with the first two cards on a €5 bet wins €7.50 extra instead of the usual €5 on other winning hands.

However, if the dealer also has a 21 from two cards, the hand is considered a tie (Push / Tie) and you only get back your original bet.

If the dealer has a 21 with three or more cards, you still win with a blackjack and get a payout of 3:2. You can also find more rules on

Black Jack Table

Blackjack Rules - How to play blackjack? - August 9, 2018  The game is usually played at an arched table with room for up to seven players. The dealer sits on the inside and the players opposite him on the outside.

At one corner of the table is a rectangular sign that indicates the minimum and maximum bets (limits) at that table and summarizes the rules that apply at that table. For example, the sign might say:

"BLACKJACK." $5 to $500. Split pairs up to three times. Double down on any two cards."

This means that the minimum bet at this table is $5 and the maximum is $500.

If a player is dealt two or more cards of the same rank in a round, the pair may be split up to three times for a total of four hands.

The player can return the original bet double (Double Down) and then receives only one more card in this case.

Blackjack game play

Blackjack Rules - Table and Bet

Most blackjack tables today use six or eight decks of cards.

After shuffling, the cards are placed in a container that serves as a Shoe or sled is called. From this, the dealer can quickly and easily pull out a card and deal it.

In some casinos in the USA, however, there are also classic blackjack games with one deck of cards (single deck) or two decks of cards (double deck). The cards are dealt from the dealer's hand. These blackjack games are mainly found in Nevada, Mississippi and some other places.

The game begins when players place their bets (wagers). They do this by placing one or more chips in the betting box on the table in front of them. After all bets have been placed, each player is dealt a card. The dealing starts with the first player to the left of the dealer (first base). If each player has a card, the dealer himself receives a card with the face value up (Up-Card). Then all players - starting with the player at first base - get the second card. The dealer draws the last card and places it face down next to his face up card. The second card is called the hole card.

In a shoe game, all player cards are dealt face up and players are not allowed to touch their cards. In a single deck blackjack game or a double deck game, the cards are dealt face down and players may pick them up with one hand. In either case, one of the dealer's cards is turned face up for the players to see.

Options of the players in blackjack

Black Jack Rules - Options

Once the cards have been dealt, players take it in turns to decide how to play their hands. Players have the following options, which determine whether they win or lose.

Hit: Draw card

By drawing more cards you want to get as close as possible to the best mark of 21 points. If you are not satisfied with the sum of the two cards dealt, you can take another card. Then you add up the card values again and can take more cards until you either get exactly 21 or you have "overbought" yourself with more than 21 points. This is called a "bust". If you overbought, you lose the bet, no matter what the dealer has. That's why it's sometimes better to be satisfied with less than to risk a bust.

In undercover games, the player signals a hit by scratching the table with the cards. Verbal statements alone are often not accepted, as in case of doubt video surveillance decides and relies on clear gestures.

Hand signal: Tap the table next to the cards with the flat of the hand.

Stand: Stand still without drawing a card.

When left standing, no more cards are drawn in the hope that the current total will beat the dealer. In a single-deck or double-deck game from the hand, the cards are pushed face down under the bet.

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Hand signal: signal "stop" with the flat of the hand or "wipe" back and forth in the air above the table.


You can double the original bet and then only get one more card regardless of the card value.

Some casinos restrict doubling to hands where the first two cards add up to 10 or 11. Other casinos allow any two cards to double down.

When doubling down, you push another bet equal to the original bet into your betting area. In a face-down game, you must also reveal the first two cards at this point.


If the first two cards have the same value, you can make a second bet and split the pair. Then each card is used as the first card in a separate hand.

For example, if two 8's are dealt, you can signal that you want to split with a second bet equal to the first.

The dealer separates the 8's and then puts a second card on the first 8. You play this hand in the normal way until you either stand or get overbought. Then the dealer puts a second card on the second 8, and you play that hand as well.

Hand signal: Point to the pair of cards with spread index and middle finger (upside down peace sign).


Black Jack - Insurance

If the dealer's face up card is an ace, you have the option to take out "insurance". This is essentially a bet that the dealer has a card of value 10 to complete a blackjack.

Insurance can be purchased for half of the original bet. If the dealer has a blackjack, you get paid a profit on it at a ratio of 2:1. Since you lose the hand at the same time against a blackjack of the dealer, you make no loss through the insurance in this case.

Many dealers advise players to take out insurance if the player himself has a blackjack. In this case, you get "even money" and only a single win, instead of a usual payout of 3:2 for a blackjack.

However, beginners should remember: Never take out insurance!

Insurance would be a fair bet if the dealer got blackjack with an ace 33.3 % of the time. But only 30.8 percent of the cards are worth 10.

Insurance is detrimental to the player. The exception is when you Card Counting can and knows that an unusually large concentration of 10-valued cards has yet to be played.

Dealer Drawing Rules

After all players have made their decisions, the dealer plays according to set rules:

The dealer must draw until he has a total of at least 17. In some casinos, the dealer also draws until he has a "soft 17". This is a 17 that contains an Ace or multiple Aces. The most common soft 17 is Ace-6, because several other totals, such as Ace-3-3 or Ace-4-2, on up to Ace-Ace-Ace-Ace add up to soft 17.

Variations of Black Jack Rules

Not all blackjack games are the same. Some variations in the rules are good for the player, others are bad and increase the house advantage of the casino. The shifts in house advantage may look small, but they represent big differences, as the total house advantage is less than 1 percent if you stick to the basic Black Jack Strategy Table holds. Here are some common variations and their effect on the house advantage:

DAS - Double after Split: Double downs allowed after splitting pairs

A very good rule for the player is when you are still allowed to double after splitting pairs. This reduces the house edge by 0.13 percent. In areas where there are several casinos within a reasonable distance, one should play where doubling after splitting is allowed.

Re-Split Aces: Splitting pairs of aces again

In most casinos, after splitting a pair of aces, you only get one more card per ace. However, if you get another ace pair in a split hand, some casinos allow you to split the new ace pair again.

This option reduces the house advantage by 0.03 percent. It is even rarer to find a game where it is even allowed to draw more than one card to a split ace. This option reduces the house advantage by 0.14 percent.

Early Surrender: Surrender BEFORE the dealer checks for Blackjack.

If the dealer's face-up card is an ace, the dealer checks to see if the second card (hole card) is a 10. This would complete a blackjack for the dealer.

If the blackjack rules state that the player performs early surrender, in this case you can get half of the original bet back without playing the hand, before the dealer checks for blackjack

This is a very big advantage for the player. However, this rule hardly exists anymore. It would reduce the house advantage by a full 0.624 percent.

Late Surrender: Surrender AFTER the dealer has checked for Black Jack.

This blackjack rule is much more common than early surrender, but still not common. Late Surrender allows you to surrender your hand and get half of your bet back, after the dealer checks for blackjack. This reduces the house advantage by only 0.07 percent in a six-deck game and by as little as 0.02 percent in a single-deck game. However, part of being a professional blackjack player is inevitably doing the best you can in all areas. Even if it's just a measly one per thousand.

Double-Downs limited to 10 and 11

While most casinos allow doubling down on all possible starting hands, there are some casinos that only allow doubling down on starting hands 10 and 11. This rule is frankly cheeky and increases the casino's house edge by 0.28 percent.

Dealer Hit Soft-17

If the dealer gets a hand with an ace or aces that can be totaled as either 7 or 17, this rule will require him to draw one more card. This increases the house advantage by 0.2 percent. So it's better if the dealer has to stand with ANY 17. This is then also written big and bold on the Black Jack table: "Dealer stands on ANY 17".

Blackjack pays 6-5

This poor payout ratio for a blackjack is unfortunately now common in single deck games on the Las Vegas Strip. For example, a 21 of two cards will only get you $6 on a bet of $5 instead of the usual $7.50.

This rule increases the house edge by a full 1.4 percent compared to playing the basic blackjack strategy with the normal payout of 3-2. So you should never play at a table where the payout ratio is 6:5.

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